100% African Agriculture For Economic Development. Agriculture is one among the means through which the human race survives and continues to exist. It is agriculture that improves the health of a person, protects the body against diseases. It is agriculture that creates economies of countries. If it is agriculture that brings all such benefits, we then need to take it to a higher level especially in the continent. African agriculture just like poverty in the continent is a rural affair. However, this rural areas have alot of good things that the urban dwellers can learn from.
People in the rural areas have much natural food staff that if well consumed they would be of great use to their bodies and their daily lives. The problem, however, is many people in the rural areas continue to have large family sizes; they fail to control the sizes of their families. Some rural people still hold on large family sizes because they want to use the family members as the source of labour force in the economic production process.
The major economic activity in most rural Africa, as already said in the previous articles, is agriculture. People hold on to agriculture as the major source of income and the real means to earn their livelihood. Agriculture; if it is to be much productive and kind of a decent job to our farmers, then much input is needed. Some activities that could improve agriculture in the rural areas include but not limited to: investing in irrigation, training peasants, and equip the agriculture extension officers.
Agriculture as the source of income should really be improved; it can continue to be the backbone of our economy. In a country that intends to become an industrial economy then there should be a link between the two sectors. Agriculture should be able to feed the industrial sector through its produce.
Invest in irrigation
A large scale of agricultural output is needed for contribution to the industrial economy; that being the case, there is a need for a reliable source of water for irrigation. When there is water throughout the year then it is possible to cultivate at any period of the year and be able to send commodities to the factories for processing and manufacturing.
Most cultivators in the continent do cultivate locally and in traditional ways as they have learned from their parents who themselves were scientifically not trained except by their parents and grand parents. Therefore, if we are to improve production and the living standards of rural livelihoods and contribute significantly to economic development in individual countries and to the continent at large then the peasants need technical training in agriculture. They also need training of harvest of their crops from the farm so as to reduce the amount of harvest loss. Moreover, the farmers need training of storage of their produce so as to ensure food security.
Equip the agriculture extension officers
While the agriculture literature reveals agricultural low production in many African countries, there are extension officers almost everywhere. Despite the presence of these officers, peasants continue with little production because the officers are either never in their working stations to advice them or are not well equipped to reach the farmers and to pass on that knowledge.
Thus, since agriculture employs a large number of population in the continent then let the African governments take deliberate efforts to invest in the sector so as to absorb a large pull of university graduates who finish their studies from different Universities in the continents. Therefore, unemployment in African can be addressed squarely by mechanization of our traditional agriculture.