Africa and Poverty Among The People Search 4 Wealth
People Search for Wealth; Poverty in academics is regarded as a synonym of Africa; it is regarded so given the economic situation in the continent. Poverty is rampart in the continent and most development literature takes Africa as if it is the home of poverty in the world. The continent is seen as poor despite its great natural resources. The continent has high deposits in minerals, oil and gas, natural plants, rivers, lakes, natural food and above all the continent has a youthful population which should be able to supply for human resources. Despite all the wealth Africa continues to lag behind other continents However, There is a layer of hope that is seen in the continent that is there are some countries that have come up with their own strategies on how to run away from poverty through encouraging the people search for the wealth the need to graduate from poverty. Angola is one of those countries that are making noticeable progress in fighting against poverty.
Angola is one of the six African countries that speak Portuguese as their official language. The other five countries being Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Sao Tome and Principe and since 2011 Equatorial Guinea. At a certain period of her history, just like in other African countries, slavery became the basis of local economy where by raids were carried deep interior to look for slaves. According to historyworld.net, about million men, women and children were shipped across the Atlantic. So sad indeed, fellow human beings were traded like commodities.
Following the Berlin conference in 1885, Angola was entrusted to Portugal and thus Angola became the territory of the former up to 1975 when it became independent. However, for many years the country experienced civil war of two political rival parties of MPLA and UNITA. Since independence in 1975, Angola has had two presidents; Agostino Neto (1922-1979) and Jose Eduardo dos Santos. Another prominent leader of the country was the leader of the opposition party UNITA Jonas Savimbi of (UNITA).
Angola is rich in oil and diamonds but the natural wealth has not been able to benefit most people in the country following the long civil war. The wealth benefits only a fraction of the population; this reflects what was said in “the animal farm” some animals are more animals than others.
Economic Growth in Angola
People Search; According to World Bank, http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/angola/overview, Angola has made substantial progress in economic and political terms since the end of the war in 2002. However, the country continues to face massive developmental challenges which include reducing the dependency on oil and diversifying the economy, rebuilding its infrastructure, improving institutional capacity, governance, public financial management systems, human development indicators and the living conditions of the population.
People Search; Large pockets of the population still remain in poverty and without adequate access to basic services, the majority will continue in poverty. To lift large number of people out of poverty, the ruling class need to come up with inclusive development policies which should be all inclusive and which will enable people’s improvement in living standard. What Angola does should be replicated to other African countries too.
The people search for wealth in order to fight against poverty which is real in the continent. While the continent is rich in natural resources, as we have discussed above the people are still poor and need to liberate themselves out of poverty. The people need to be encouraged to search for wealth in order to succeed. While the people need to be encouraged to accumulate wealth the African countries need to pave a way for their people to succeed in the struggle against poverty.