The Importance of Human Security and Development in Africa

Human security

Human Security is necessary for true development in Africa. The continent needs security assurance to realise its development agenda. To develop a state needs several resources, one of those resources is human resources. The human resources we are talking about is educated people who are capable of contributing in their countries development.


Politics and human security

The major advances in politics and security were matched by significant economic development in the first half of the 1990s. For years, the results of stabilization and SAPs had been patchy and largely disappointing. Now suddenly, there was an upturn in economic growth. In the mid 1990s, Africa achieved its highest economic growth figures since 1970. Admittedly, they varied widely from one country to another.


But by 1995 the continent’s average growth rate was high–as much as five percent. After years in which productivity and income had stagnated and even declined in real per capita terms due to rapid population growth, the expansion of the African economy begun once gain to outpace that of the continent’s population (Roel Van Der Veen 2004).

Human security in the world

From the survey, of different major global and contemporary trends, that we have made, we, indeed, realize that the continent is lagging behind all other parts of the world. Most of the continent’s countries have very poor economies; the whole of their gross domestic product excluding South Africa’s is the size of Belgium’s (WB, 2005). This fact makes them look for external aid to satisfy the needs of their own people, their budgets. Countries that cannot meet the needs of their own people cannot fully participate in the world’s major trends.


The said countries either do not have that time to think of the said trends for they (the leaders) are too busy looking for their people’s daily bread, or simply fail to participate at equal terms with the donor countries for fear of differing with them in perspectives. African countries fear to challenge the donor countries even on issues that they should question.


Africa and success

The marginalization of the continent will continue unless the continent’s countries change their way of dealing with the global issues. To change the way of doing issues will imply standing on one’s two feet, but the continent cannot do that unless it improves on her economy. Improving the continent’s economy for a strong and contributing Africa, is the major challenge to the current and future African leaders.


There should reach a point where by Africa, because of her economic contribution and other values, should be consulted for major occurrences of the world, a thing which is very rare or non-existent at all today.


Despite the so many untold sufferings that the people of Africa undergo, we have seen that there is a ray of hope, the sun is rising and so giving hope to people of the continent. As already said before, the continent’s governments should invest on their people-the people should feel themselves as real players.

NGOs and security

People in their grassroots organizations should work closely with prominent NGO’s which dedicate their time to action oriented research, public education, legal-aid work, human rights activities, promotion of community development and growth of grassroots organizations (Sandbrook, R and Halfani, M(ed), 1993) the fusion of the two bodies will give people the sense of belonging, and this in turn will make them (especially the young generation) patriotic and so work for the betterment of their countries.


To sum up, we know, through the discussion , that the fight of Africa from the current situation, which makes it last in the global major activities to a better position, is not a lone struggle, Africa needs the rest of the world so much as the other continents do need the former. As already suggested earlier, we hereby in this article suggest the interdependence theory as a framework to save the continent.


Let there be a mutual dependence and so encourage a fair play game where by all players contribute according to their capacities and receive according to their need, while the weak contributors will be being helped to build up their capacities and economy. This argument can be substantiated by the World Bank report 2005.

Regional body and development

Since the establishment of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) and the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) process, African countries have taken much more effective ownership of their own development. Both NEPAD and the PRSP process are based on partnerships with donors, dependable financial flows, measurable results, and empowerment of poor people, participation by civil society and local communities, and accountability of recipient governments to their own people.


There we are encouraging the continent to enter into interdependence and develop the spirit of accountability to their own people while empowering them to possess their own development.

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