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What are Young People Engaged in most in East Africa?

What makes Young people more necessary is that it is an important group of people in the society just like other groups such as children, the old and so on. The society is in need of all groups of people for specializations of different tasks in the society. Young people or youth is an important group just like young plants in a forest. A forest continues to grow and have a future if it has many young plants/ youths.

Youth in the society

Young people is a group of members in the society that has responsibilities that are vital for the survival of their communities. Young people are individuals that have energy that is needed for daily activities in the society and for earning income to a family in particular and society at large. Young men and young women are encouraged by nature to work and earn their living. As a matter of experience and fact, youth are expected to live long and that means they have more years to live ahead of them as compared to the old people.

The ingredient of EAC

In this article I present to you the observation that we have made on youth found in some East African countries. East Africa is one of the regions in the continent. In this East African part of the continent there was an Economic community that was made up of three countries namely Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. However, the community collapsed ten years after it was founded. Several decades passed and the political leaders realized that it was important to re-establish the community. And so it was re-founded or re-established.

East African Community today

The East African Community is now up and running. It has grown to become a huge economic community. The community today has over five countries. The Community originally has three countries as mentioned above that all of them have a background of Anglophone, however, today , the East African Community has countries that have English as their official language, others have French as their official language, and one which has Arab as their inherited language. The countries that form the East African community today include the following: Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda, South Sudan, and Democratic Republic of Congo.


In the article we focus on the economic activities that young people do in the East African region. We do not claim to have made a thorough research. We mainly rely of our observation that we have made. Moreover, we divide the activities into urban and rural categories to facilitate better understanding of the different groups of people in the society and according to their geographical areas. In the first place it is necessary to notice that most parts of the region is still rural and that most poverty in the region is found in the rural areas.

The Urban Youth Activities

The Urban youth are engaged in a number of economic activities. Those economic activities go hand in hand with the existing infrastructure that are in the urban. The urban areas in most East African countries have towns that are well connected with nice paved roads, with reliable telecommunications, mobile phones. Our observation revealed that youth are engaged in a number activities both economic and non economic such as: busy in following international sports news, busy following local sports news, busy participating in the lottery activities, bodaboda, local business at Kariakoo in Dar es Salaam, local business at Eastleigh in Nairobi, Owino market in Kampala.

The Rural Youth Activities

The rural youth are mainly involved in local economic activities. Most rural areas in Africa are notoriously known for poverty levels. It is in the rural that most people in the continent come from. It is in the rural areas that most social infrastructure are poor. It is in most rural areas that people still struggle for clean and safe water. Education; some children travel several kilometers to find a school. It is in there that some people have to travel for several kilometers to find health care facilities, it is in the rural areas that only a small portion of individual have access to electricity. The majority youth in the rural areas are engaged in agriculture, fishing, horticulture, animal husbandry etc.


Africa’s agricultural industry has a significant social and economic impact. Smallholder farmers make up more than 60% of the population in sub-Saharan Africa, and agriculture accounts for around 23% of the region’s GDP. The continent’s full agricultural potential is still unrealized. In a recent analysis, we found that Africa could produce two to three times more cereals and grains (Exhibit 1), which would increase the present global output of 2.6 billion tons of cereals and grains by 20%. The production of horticulture crops and cattle both saw similar improvements.


More than 400 people are at present working for the various EAC Organs and Institutions in the 6 Partner States. While recruiting, the EAC seeks to secure the highest standards of efficiency, technical competence, professionalism and integrity.

With a mission to widen and deepen economic, political, social and cultural integration in order to improve the quality of life of the people of East Africa, the EAC encourages and promotes new and better ways of doing business. If you are a national of one of the 6 EAC Partner States, you are eligible to apply to join the team.

Equal Representation

Recruitment of staff of the Community shall as far as possible, be reflective of equal representation of gender and the Partner States.

Working Relationships

Effective relationships between the various Organs and Institutions of the Community are geared towards promoting the successful attainment of the strategic direction and credibility of the Community.

Continuous Development

EAC invests in Staff development and focuses on achieving organisational goals. Training is offered to Staff to assist in the development of skills required to fulfil their roles properly.


All persons working for the EAC (Organs and Institutions) shall not practice any form of discrimination. In the same vein, they shall be entitled to equal treatment irrespective of political inclination, gender, colour of skin, religion, culture, education, social status, ethnic affiliation or nationality.


While the Community recognises HIV/AIDS as a serious threat to the Community and takes all measures necessary towards its prevention, mitigation and control, it does not discriminate against any member of Staff, their families and any member of the Community in general infected with HIV/AIDS.

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