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What do you know of Rural Afghanistan?

Poverty in Rural Afghanistan.

Poverty in Rural Afghanistan. Poverty is said to be a rural phenomenon of the rural in all developing economies. In Africa which takes the greatest share of poverty in the world, the percentage of poverty is indeed so high. However, poverty is not only an African affair; it is found and experienced in many different regions of the world.

Recent mainstream media focused on the mission of the US ending its military presence in Afghanistan after twenty years of existence in the country. The media, together with the question of insecurity in the country, has also highlighted the crisis of food insecurity in country.

The poverty in the country just like in many other developing countries has its poverty mainly concentrated in the rural areas where there are small farmers with limited livelihoods activities. A recent report from the country reveal lots of great information about the country; read on<

Poverty in Afghanistan is concentrated in rural areas. Four out of five poor people live in rural areas. The East, Northeast, and West-Central regions—where almost half of the inhabitants are poor—have the lowest per capita consumption and highest likelihood of poverty.

Lack of education, livelihoods and access to basic services contribute to Afghan poverty. 75.6% of poor people are illiterate. Poor people face higher unemployment (8%) and underemployent (41%) and are more likely to work in agriculture (43.6%) or in the informal sector (84.3%). Poor people are also less likely to have access to electricity (63.8 %), safe drinking water (40.3%), and sanitation (2.8%).

Poor people are more vulnerable but less equipped to cope with natural and manmade shocks. 84% of Afghan households experienced at least one economic shock in 2011-12 and 53% suffered from three or more shocks.

International spending helped grow the economy, but it hasn’t equally benefited all sectors or the poorest. International spending created jobs in the public, health and education services sectors and benefited high-conflict areas the most. It didn’t raise productivity in the agriculture sector, which employs most of Afghanistan’s poor people.

International aid-supported public investment helped improve human development outcomes. Youth literacy improved by 8%, primary school enrolment grew by 6% and access to electricity, improved sanitation and safe drinking water grew by approximately 14%.

To reduce poverty, Afghanistan must focus on strengthening agriculture, investing in human development and managing and mitigating risks that increase poor people’s vulnerability.

part of this article is taken from

https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/publication/poverty-reduction-in-afghanistan-despite-economic-growth-widening-inequality

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